Exactly why do some people become addicts, although some manage to steer away from addictions? Dependancy is a complex ailment, affecting individuals of all ages, personalities and backgrounds. It’s not easy to decipher why some people are more prone to addiction than others. Dependancy disrupts normal functioning of the mind, and if left untreated it can generate long-lasting negative effects on the mind and body.
Based on the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), there are certain basic risk factors such as trouble at home, mental health issues, close friends or family members who abuse drugs and genetics, that make some people vulnerable to drug abuse. Robert B. Millman, an addiction expert at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical School, says, “Locus of control is another influential factor in addiction vulnerability. Addicts tend to believe that they may not be the masters of their own fate, that will control lies outside of them. ”
Many people use drugs to “self-medicate, ” for instance, heroin plays a vital role in normalizing people who suffer from delusions and hallucinations, while cocaine can quickly lift a depression or allow a person become better organized plus focused.
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Factors responsible for drug abuse
People tend to develop an addiction because of various biological, familial, psychological and socio-cultural factors. Today, everyone has quick access to drugs; some people use them to deal with themselves from various afflictions, although some others become addicted to them. Substance abuse can be triggered by any of the subsequent factors:
Genetic tendency: Studies have revealed that genes many not precisely determine a person’s tendency to become a medication abuser. However , genes greatly help in controlling the behavior of a drug abuser.
Peer pressure: Young people want to be liked and in their effort to get accepted by their group, they give in to expert pressure. Thus, if the group requires drugs, they feel pressured to undertake the same.
Stress: According to many healthcare providers, stress is the leading cause of drug abuse relapse in drug addicts. Research reveal that high stress level predicts continued drug use among opiate addicts.
Experimentation: NIDA’s Concepts of Drug Addiction Treatment research says that adolescents are often inspired to try out something new, especially the daring ones. Thus, their experimentation with drugs can result in addiction.
Environment: Apart from various other factors, environment plays a significant role in triggering addiction issue in a drug addict. “A common misperception is that addiction is a selection or moral problem, and all you have to do is stop. But nothing could be further from the truth, ” says Dr . George Koob, Director of NIH’s National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. “The brain actually changes with addiction, and it takes a good deal of work to get it back in order to its normal state. The more drugs or alcohol you’ve taken, the more disruptive it is to the brain. ”
“Brain imaging studies of people addicted to medicines or alcohol show decreased activity in this frontal cortex, ” states Dr . Nora Volkow, Director of NIH’s National Institute on Drug Abuse.